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Plastics In The Medical Industry

You've probably heard about the use of plastics in various industries, but have you ever considered their role in healthcare? In this article, we're diving into the world of polyethylene plastics and their significant impact on the medical field. You'll learn how polythene, one of the most widely used types of plastic globally, is reshaping everything from surgical tools to prosthetics. We'll explore the unique properties that make it a game-changer for enhanced sanitation and hygiene benefits, crucial in medical settings.

Plus, we'll look at how it's driving down costs without compromising quality or safety. As well as why some Polythene Bags cannot have recycled plastics within them (Virgin). Whether you're a medical professional seeking industry insights or just curious about the latest innovative healthcare solutions, this read is for you.

Bespoke Medical Polythene Packaging

How is Polyethylene Used in the Medical Industry?

Polyethylene plastic plays a versatile role in the medical industry. It is crucial for packaging and disposable items, ensuring the safety and sterility of medical equipment. Here are some specific applications:


  • Medical Packaging: Polyethylene is used to create sterile packaging for various medical supplies, protecting them from contamination.
  • Sutures: Polyethylene sutures are strong, durable, and biocompatible, making them ideal for closing wounds and surgical incisions.
  • Medical Bags: Polyethylene medical bags are used for storing and transporting fluids, medications, and other medical materials securely.
  • Medical Tubing: This plastic is used in medical tubing, providing flexibility and safety for fluid transfer systems.
  • Medical Implants: Polyethylene is used in implants due to its compatibility with the human body and durability.
  • Prosthetics: The plastic is essential in prosthetic devices, offering lightweight and durable solutions for patients.

1. Plastic Medical Packaging

Every day, sterile medical equipment is stored and opened worldwide. This equipment is packaged in durable polyethylene plastic, designed to protect and maintain the product's integrity. Manufactured in highly sterile environments, the packaging ensures no contaminants mix with the polyethylene.

The Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) approves the use of polyethylene plastics, as well as a range of plastic packaging products, due to their strength, flexibility, and tamper-proof security. Polyethylene bags are a versatile material popular for keeping surgical equipment such as scalpels, forceps, syringes, and needles sterile and secure.

2. Single-Use Items

Polyethylene plastics provide sterile packaging for single-use items such as syringes, IV tubes, and disposable surgical tools. Using single-use items is essential to reduce the risk of cross-contamination. Once the packaging for these medical tools is no longer required, the plastics can be recycled. Currently, recycled plastics cannot be used for medical packaging due to the need for sterility. Unfortunately, renewable packaging has yet to meet this requirement.

3. Medical Tubing

Plastic tubing is used to transport fluids from drip bags. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a popular choice for such tubing due to its flexibility and resistance to cracking.
You might wonder why plastic is used in medical devices. Besides being cost-effective, it's also safe and sterile—vital factors in any healthcare environment. Medical-grade PVC, for instance, offers excellent chemical resistance and can withstand high temperatures during sterilisation.

4. Medical Stitches

Surgical stitches are typically made from:

  • Polypropylene: A synthetic resin, a type of polymer derived from propylene.
  • Polydioxanone: A colourless, crystalline, biodegradable synthetic polymer made from the polymer of paradioxanone.

Stitches, often referred to as sutures, are used for wound management and aiding the body's natural healing process after invasive surgical procedures. Plastic polymers have benefited the medical community, providing a better alternative to silk and cotton, which were commonly used in the 20th century. Medical-grade plastics are engineered for strength and flexibility, making them ideal for creating secure stitches that stay intact during the healing process. This characteristic is not found in other materials. It's clear that plastics in medicine, particularly polypropylene in sutures, contribute significantly to patient care and recovery.

5. Plastic Medical Bags

When you're recovering in a hospital bed, simple things like the drip bag hanging by your side can make all the difference. These bags, connected by plastic tubing, deliver essential fluids and medications directly into your bloodstream using needles kept sterile thanks to polyethylene packaging.

Medical-grade plastic bags are often made from polyethylene plastics. These materials are not only practical but also ideal due to their lightweight nature and resistance to contamination, which is crucial for avoiding infection.

So, next time you see one of these bags, remember it's more than just plastic—it's a lifeline ensuring your recovery. This is one of the many valuable uses for polyethylene in our healthcare system today.

6. Medical Implants

Consider the miracles of modern medicine, such as hip replacements or artificial heart valves—these life-improving implants are often made from materials that can withstand our body's environment and function as intended.
Many of these implants are made from medically approved plastic materials, including polyethylene. This biocompatible plastic is widely used in the industry due to its impressive durability and resistance to wear. It's no wonder that it is one of the MHRA-approved plastics for implants.

Plastic implants allow for more movement and feel more comfortable than other materials. Medical plastics are commonly used for medical devices such as heart valves, knee and hip replacements, and surgical items like facial augmentation implants.
Polyethylene meets ISO biocompatibility standards, ensuring it doesn't trigger any adverse biological responses when introduced into the body.

7. Prosthetics

Prosthetics have been used for millennia throughout human history. In previous times, they were made from wood and other uncomfortable materials. Thanks to incredible advancements in modern prosthetic technology, materials like copolymer polypropylene and homopolymer polypropylene have played a significant role in this progression.

These medical plastic parts are not just durable and lightweight, but they are also biocompatible with the human body, making them ideal for use in prosthetics. This biocompatibility is crucial for comfort as well.

Thanks to research into the medical uses of polymers, we now have materials like medical-grade polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) that offer excellent strength and flexibility. This plastic component is invaluable when creating artificial limbs that need to mimic natural movement. In your search for knowledge about this topic, you might come across lists of biocompatible polymers. Polyethylene is always part of them due to its impressive properties.

What Is the Future Usefulness of Plastics in the Medical Field?

It's hard to imagine healthcare without plastics. Their ability to adapt and innovate is essential. Looking ahead, polyethylene is set to remain a key player in medical applications.

Its use in everything from artificial limbs to surgical tools is noteworthy. What's more, ongoing innovations are broadening its capabilities, and hopefully, soon we will find ways to use recycled polyethylene as a sterile packaging option.

Researchers are pushing the boundaries of polyethylene, exploring new uses like drug delivery systems and biodegradable implants. As we strive for safer and more effective medical treatments, the role of polyethylene is expected to grow even more significantly.


Cleaned & sanitised equipment for contaminant-free medical packaging.

Different Types of Plastics in the Medical Industry

Now that you're more familiar with the industrial applications of plastics, let's break down the different polymers used in the medical industry:

Polycarbonate (PC)

Polycarbonate is a durable, lightweight, and transparent polymer known for its high impact resistance and excellent thermal stability. In the medical industry, polycarbonate is widely used for its reliability and safety.

  • Medical Devices: Syringes, blood filters.
  • Surgical Instruments and Trays: Durable, easily sterilised tools.
  • Medical Packaging: Sterile and secure packaging.

Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)

ABS is a strong, rigid, and impact-resistant thermoplastic that is easy to mould. Its robustness and stability make it suitable for various medical applications.

  • Medical Device Housings: Durable casings for equipment.
  • Orthopaedic Devices: Lightweight and strong supports.
  • Laboratory Equipment: Reliable and sturdy tools.

Polyethylene (PE)

Polyethylene is a widely used polymer known for its flexibility, toughness, and chemical resistance. It is commonly used in various medical applications due to its versatility.

  • Medical Tubing: Flexible and durable.
  • Disposable Gloves: Lightweight and protective.
  • Implantable Devices: Biocompatible and safe.

Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA)

PMMA, also known as acrylic, is a transparent and shatter-resistant polymer. It is used in medical applications where clarity and strength are required.

  • Intraocular Lenses: Clear and biocompatible.
  • Dental Prosthetics: Strong and aesthetic.
  • Bone Cement: Stable and supportive.

Polypropylene (PP)

Polypropylene is a versatile and cost-effective polymer with high chemical resistance and toughness. It is widely used in the medical field due to its ability to withstand repeated sterilisation.

  • Disposable Syringes: Lightweight and durable.
  • Medical Textiles: Surgical masks and gowns.
  • Sterilisation Trays: Resistant to heat and chemicals.

Polyethylene Terephthalate Glycol (PETG)

PETG is a clear, strong, and easily sterilised polymer. Its excellent formability and chemical resistance make it ideal for medical applications.

  • Medical Packaging: Transparent and protective.
  • Surgical Instruments: Easy to mould and sterilise.
  • Pharmaceutical Containers: Safe and reliable storage.

Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)

PVC is a versatile and widely used polymer known for its flexibility, durability, and chemical resistance. It is extensively used in the medical field.

  • IV Bags and Tubing: Flexible and durable.
  • Blood Storage Bags: Safe and reliable.
  • Catheters: Soft and biocompatible.
Polypropylene (PP, polypropene) and polyethylene (polythene, PE, polyethene) molecule. Structural chemical formula and molecule model of polymers. Vector illustration
Propylene (propene)  and polypropylene (PP, polypropene) molecule. Polymer and monomer. Structural chemical formula, molecule model. Vector illustration
Polypropylene (PP, polypropene) and polyethylene (polythene, PE, polyethene) molecule. Structural chemical formula and molecule model of polymers. Vector illustration

Enhanced Sanitation and Hygiene Benefits

Polyethylene plastics have revolutionised the medical industry, providing vital sanitation and hygiene benefits that protect patients from infections.

  • Sterile Environments

    Polyethylene is key in creating sterile environments, commonly used for surgical gloves, aprons, and drapes that act as barriers against germs.

  • Durability and Chemical Resistance

    This plastic is lightweight yet durable, perfect for withstanding sterilisation processes. It also resists most chemicals, making it suitable for various healthcare applications.

  • Versatile Medical Uses

    Polyethylene's versatility allows it to be used in numerous medical applications. It is used to make disposable syringes, intravenous (IV) bags, catheters, and even implantable devices like artificial joints and heart valves.

Reduced Costs

Polyethylene plastics significantly reduce healthcare costs while maintaining high hygiene standards.

  • Cost-Effective Applications

    Used in syringes, tubing, surgical gloves, and medical trays, polyethylene is versatile and affordable, ideal for single-use items. Its lifecycle cost from manufacture to disposal is lower than other materials.

  • Economies of Scale

    Polyethylene's adaptability enables efficient mass production, resulting in high-quality, affordable medical products that reduce costs for hospitals and patients.


Polyethylene plastics are truly revolutionising the medical industry. They offer a cost-effective and hygienic solution for a wide range of applications, from sterile packaging to prosthetics and medical implants. Their versatility and reliability ensure that medical professionals can depend on them to maintain safety and sterility.

With countless applications and continual advancements, the future of polyethylene in medicine looks incredibly promising. So, when you think of medical plastics, remember polyethylene – it's at the forefront of innovation, supporting better healthcare outcomes every day.

And it does not stop there! There are many Polythene Packaging Benefits. You can now read our article about the benefits of investing in Polyethylene as a packaging material.

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    Cleaned & sanitised equipment for contaminant-free medical packaging.